In view of the devastation caused by the First World War, an organization called the League of Nations was formed so that such wars could be prevented in the future. ‘History OF World War- II’ At the time of the establishment of the League of Nations, all the countries thought that in the future all the countries would settle their border-related or other bilateral matters peacefully. But this estimate proved to be misleading and in 1939 AD World War II started. Why did this happen, what were the reasons for World War II, and what happened to it? Today, through this blog, we will learn about the Second World War in detail.
World War II-Brief Introduction
|Article Name||World War II|
|War start date||On 1 September 1939|
|End of war||14 August 1945, Officially Announced September 2, 1945|
|Victorious country||Allied powers, which included the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, among others.|
|Home Page||History Classes|
World War II
World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the majority of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. The war was primarily fought between the Axis powers, led by Germany, Japan, and Italy, and the Allies, led by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union.
The war began with the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 and quickly spread to other parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia. It was the deadliest conflict in human history, with an estimated 50-85 million fatalities, including the Holocaust, in which six million Jews were systematically murdered by the Nazis.
The war ended with the unconditional surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and the dropping of atomic bombs by the United States on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, leading to Japan’s surrender on August 15, 1945. The war had a profound impact on the world, including the formation of the United Nations, the beginning of the Cold War, and the establishment of the modern state of Israel.
World War II engulfed all the countries, the world was divided into two parts. All the countries of the world were, directly and indirectly, part of this war. The Second World War, which lasted from 1939-1945, proved to be very terrible. It divided the world into two parts.
Before the war, European countries formed two factions, one was called the Allies and the other was called the Axis. The Allies included France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and to a lesser extent China. Whereas Germany, Italy, and Japan were mainly involved in the Axis countries. Ten crore soldiers from different countries participated in the First World War. This war was so terrible that the number of people who lost their lives in this war was 5-7 crores (3% of the world’s population).
Major Causes of World War II
Although there were many reasons responsible for this war, mainly Germany is held responsible for this war. But apart from all this, there were many other reasons which played an important role in preparing the background of World War II like Japan in 1935. Occupied Manchuria in AD. Similarly, Italy attacked Abyssinia in 1935. But in the midst, the Second World War broke out in the Treaty of Versailles after the First World War, in which humiliating conditions were imposed on Germany. Never forgot the insult and was just looking for the opportunity when to avenge this insult
Humiliating Treaty of Versailles
The first subject After the victory of the war, the Allies made a treaty with Germany at Versailles (28 June 1919). According to this treaty, Germany was mainly responsible for the First World War, and heavy monetary punishment was imposed. After the First World War, Germany imposed a monetary penalty of 269 billion gold marks (the then German currency).
This was equivalent to the cost of about 1 lakh tonnes of gold. This economic penalty was imposed on Germany under the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919, exactly 101 years ago. However, it was later revised and reduced several times, but even then it was so much that it took Germany a full 91 years to pay it.